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Are You Grafted In? Part 1: ‘Not My People’

Romans 11:19 Then you will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.”

What is “grafted in” according to the Apostle Paul? Who exactly is Paul talking to? What are they grafted in to? Why is it even important to be grafted in and who is not considered grafted in? These are very important questions to ask.

Paul wasn’t just waxing lyrical, and he didn’t just pull a nonsensical ‘olive tree’ analogy out of his hat for no  good reason.

The “Cultivated Olive Tree” of Romans Chapter 11 has profound Scriptural meaning, with very specific prophetic fulfillments attached to it. Those being grafted-into this prophetic Olive Tree not only defines who they are in Christ, but it also defines who they no longer are.

We’ll be addressing all of the above stated questions, as well as, the Prophetic Scriptures that Paul is referring to in ‘his Grafted-In’ teaching.

Context is paramount in any ‘real’ study of the Holy Scriptures, so let’s look at some of the surrounding verses as it relates to Paul’s “Olive Tree” discussion.

Romans chapter 9 starts out with Paul heartbroken over the fact that not all of his brothers in Judea have believed that Jesus is the Messiah of Israel; only some have believed ~

Romans 9:2-3 2that I have great sorrow and unceasing anguish in my heart. 3For I could wish that I myself were accursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh.

He then states that, unfortunately, not every descendant of Abraham will “belong to Israel, but that it is the ‘children of promise’ who are counted as the offspring, the ‘children of God’ ~

Romans 9:6-8 6For not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel, 7and not all are children of Abraham because they are his offspring, but “Through Isaac shall your offspring be named.” 8This means that it is not the children of the flesh who are the children of God, but the children of the promise are counted as offspring. 9For this is the “word of promise”: “at this time I will come, and Sarah shall have a son.”

It is very important to note that Paul himself is recognizing that it is Israel and not “the nations” that is the people of focus.

Then, Paul says through Jacob (Israel), God’s “purpose of election” continues ~

Romans 9:10-11 10also when Rebekah had conceived children (Jacob) by one man, our forefather Isaac, 11though they were not yet born and had done nothing either good or bad—in order that God’s purpose of election might continue

Next, we read Paul explaining that all things work to Gods will; desiring to reveal His power and wrath, through patience God makes known His ‘mercy’ ~

Romans 9:22-23 22What if God, desiring to show his wrath and to make known his power, has endured with much patience vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, 23in order to make known the riches of his glory for vessels of mercy which he has prepared beforehand for glory

Paul is telling us that God has endured much patience; Patience with whom? When Paul wrote this letter, who had God been ‘enduring patience’ with for hundreds and hundreds of years? Think about it, the God of Israel has only ever been dealing with His chosen people Israel”. Paul is explaining to these believers in Rome, that God has ‘endured patience’ with someone in order to show mercy that He has prepared beforehand for glory. Paul tells us who that someone is in verses 24 through 26. The ‘Apostle Paul’ quotes the prophet Hosea to reveal this information ~

Romans 9:24-26 24even us whom he has called, not from among the Jews only but also from among” the “gentiles 25As indeed he says in Hosea, Those who were not my people I will call ‘my people,’ and her who was not beloved I will call ‘beloved.’” 26“And in the very place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ there they will be called sons of the living God.’”

This is a CRITICAL juncture. Paul just quoted a ‘prophet of Israel’ to a bunch of people in ‘Rome’ as if they were supposed to know all about it.?.? Why?

In order to understand the correlation that Paul is making between those among the gentiles” of Romans 9:24 and his reference to “not my people”, we have to go to Hosea to find out who these “people” are.

The introduction at the beginning of ‘The Book of Hosea’ in any study bible will state that it’s about the transgressions of the Northern Kingdom (the House of Israel) that leads to its exile into captivity by Assyria.

Every reference bible has this Romans 9:25 verse steering the reader directly to Hosea 2:23, which is exactly what Paul is doing for these believers in Rome.

I strongly urge you to immediately pick up your bible and read the first 3 chapters of the Book of Hosea; with the understanding that it is written to and about the Northern Kingdom, the House of Israel, and not the Southern Kingdom, the House of Judah.

Please note how in Hosea 1:6, 8-10 that the Northern Kingdom (the House of Israel) is referred to as “No Mercy” and “Not My People” ~

Hosea 1:6 She conceived again and bore a daughter. And the LORD said to him, “Call her name “No Mercy”, for I will no more have mercy on the house of Israel, to forgive them at all.

Hosea 1:8-10 8When she had weaned No Mercy, she conceived and bore a son. 9And the LORD said, “Call his name Not My People, for you are not my people, and I am not your God.” 10Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be like the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured or numbered. And in the place where it was said to them, “You are not my people,” it shall be said to them, “Children of the living God.”

And again in Hosea 2:23 ~

Hosea 2:23 and I will sow her for myself in the land. And I will have mercy on No Mercy, and I will say to ‘Not My People’, You are my people’; and he shall say, ‘You are my God.’

Does that sound familiar?

Romans 9:24-26 24even us whom he has called, not from among the Jews only but also “from among” the Gentiles’ 25As indeed he says in Hosea,

Those who were not my people I will call ‘my people,’

and her who was not beloved I will call ‘beloved.’”

26“And in the very place where it was said to them, ‘You are not my people,’
there they will be called sons of the living God.’”

Now do you see who Paul is talking about?

Paul is telling us here in Romans 9, that those among” the gentiles’ in verse 24 are those not my people’ from Hosea 1, which is ‘the House of Israel’.

When Paul wrote this letter to those in Rome, the ‘scattered’ House of Israel (the Northern Kingdom) had been exiled and dispersed among the gentiles/nations for almost 800 years. The House of Judah (the Southern Kingdom) had come back from Babylon but the ‘scattered’ House of Israel never came back to the land. As a result, the “House of Israel” still lived “out among” the nations/gentiles. They looked like, acted like and most certainly were considered to be ‘gentiles’ to Paul and his brothers in Judea.

Thesefrom among” the gentiles/nations that Paul is writing to in Romans 9 are these “not my people” of the House of Israel from Hosea. They can once again be called ‘My people’ because of the work of Messiah!

Here is the disconnect that has been taught in the mainstream churches for centuries; those from among” the gentiles/nations in Romans 9 are “not” the heathen or pagan population from “non-Israel” origins. They are “not” people from the “heathen/pagan nations” that had no connection to the lineage the House of Israel. The pagan gentiles from non-Israel” origins were “not” who Paul was writing to.

Most Christians have either never been taught about the “House of Israel Prophecy” or mistakenly thought that it had nothing to do with the ‘New Testament’.

However, as we will let the Scriptures prove, this “Prophecy” is not only stated in the ‘New Testament’, it was a PRIMARY mission of Jesus to fulfill it.

What does the text say?

Matthew 15:24 He (Jesus) answered, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the ‘house of Israel.”

Luke 19:9-10 9And Jesus said to him, “Today salvation has come to this house, ‘since’ he also is a son of Abraham. 10‘For’ the Son of Man came to seek and to save the lost.”

You can only seek what was lost if at one time you had possession of it. Jesus blatantly tells us the lost of verse 10 is the “son of Abraham” of verse 9. As God-in-the-flesh, Jesus came to save the “the 10 Tribes of the Northern Kingdom that were”lost”, the ‘House of Israel’.

What do the prophetic texts say?

Isaiah 53:6 All we (Israel) like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

Jeremiah 50:6My people have been lost sheep. Their shepherds have led them astray, turning them away on the mountains. From mountain to hill they have gone. They have forgotten their fold.

Ezekiel 11:14-21 14And the word of the LORD came to me: 15“Son of man, your brothers, even your brothers, your kinsmen, the whole house of Israel, all of them, are those of whom the inhabitants of Jerusalem have said, ‘Go far from the LORD; to us this land is given for a possession.’ 16Therefore say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: Though I removed them far off among” the gentiles/nations“, and though I scattered them among” the countries, yet I have been a sanctuary to them for a while in the countries where they have gone.’ 17Therefore say, ‘Thus says the Lord GOD: I will gather youfrom the” peoples and assemble you “out of” the countries where you have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel.’

Ezekiel 34:15-16 15I myself will be the shepherd of my sheep, and I myself will make them lie down, declares the Lord GOD. 16I will seek “the lost”, and I will bring back the strayed

Ezekiel 34:22,23 22I will “save” my flock23And I will set up over them one shepherd, my servant David (Messiah), and he shall feed them: he shall feed them and be their shepherd.

(again) Isaiah 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all.

When Isaiah wrote this who were the we like sheep”? It was Israel. That’s the lost sheep that Jesus is referring to in Matthew, and who He came to “seek and save“.

Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel were writing about Israel, they were not referring to the pagan/heathen nations who never knew the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

That’s why Paul states in the next verse of Romans “concerning” the Sons of Israel that were numerous; there would only be left a remnant that would be saved ~

Romans 9:27 And Isaiah cries out concerning Israel: “Though the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand of the sea, only a remnant of them will be saved,

Again, did you catch that? The ‘Apostle Paul’ just told us that the topic of his discussion of those “among the gentiles” from verse 24 is concerning Israel!

As the prophets Isaiah and Micah state, only a ‘remnant shall be found, and they will be found among” the nations/gentiles ~

Isaiah 10:21-22 21A remnant will return, the remnant of Jacob, to the mighty God. 22For though your people Israel be as the sand of the sea, only a remnant of them will return.

Micah 5:7-8 7Then the remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst” of many peoples like dew from the LORD, like showers on the grass, which delay not for a man nor wait for the child0ren of man. 8And the remnant of Jacob shall be among” the nations, in the midst of many peoples

Therefore, Paul and the prophets agree that the remnant of the House of Israel, the “Lost Sheep”, had been scattered among the ‘pagan or heathen gentiles/nations’. However, it was prophesied that they would be gathered in (grafted-in) again to the common-wealth of Israel ~

Ezekiel 37:15-22 15The word of the LORD came to me: 16“Son of man, take a stick and write on it, ‘For Judah, and the people of Israel associated with him’; then take another stick and write on it, ‘For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and all the house of Israel associated with him.’ 17And join them one to another into one stick, that they may become one in your hand. 18And when your people say to you, ‘Will you not tell us what you mean by these?’ 19say to them, Thus says the LORD God: Behold, I am about to take the stick of Joseph, that is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel associated with him. 20When the sticks on which you write are in your hand before their eyes, 21then say to them, Thus says the LORD God: Behold, I will take the people of Israel from the nations among which they have gone, and will gather them from all around, and bring them to their own land. 22And I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king over them all; they shall no longer be two nations, nor shall they ever be divided into two kingdoms again.

In Paul’s letter to these Romans he is stating that the fulfillment of this prophecy is ‘in progress’ at his telling. Because of the Messiah’s offer of salvation, the Lost Sheep can now be reconciled.

This is why Jesus told all of the “Lost” parables; none more important than the ‘The Prodigal Son’ [Luke 15:11-32]. This is Jesus telling us about the prophesy and His mission to restore (graft back in) the Northern Kingdom with the Southern Kingdom ~

Luke 15:11 And he said, “There was a man who had two sons.

The two sons are:

  • the House of Israel and the House of Judah
  • the Northern Kingdom and the Southern Kingdom
  • the younger brother and the older brother
  • Ephraim and Judah

Luke 15:12 And the younger (Ephraim) of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me the share of property that is coming to me.’ And he divided his property between them

This is the 12 tribes of Israel divided into Northern Kingdom (10 tribes) and the Southern Kingdom (2 tribes) ~

1 King 11:11,30-31 11Therefore the LORD said to Solomon, “Since this has been your practice and you have not kept my covenant and my statutes that I have commanded you, I will surely tear the kingdom from you and will give it to your servant… 30Then Ahijah laid hold of the new garment that was on him and tore it into twelve pieces. 31And he said to Jeroboam, “Take for yourself ten pieces, for thus says the LORD, the God of Israel, ‘Behold, I am about to tear the kingdom from the hand of Solomon and will give you ten tribes (the Northern Kingdom, House of Israel).

Next in the parable we see the younger son, the House of Israel, out among the nations/gentiles, joined to them and living in misery ~

Luke 15:13-16 Not many days later, the younger son gathered all he had and took a journey into a far country (among the gentiles/nations), and there he squandered his property in reckless living. 14And when he had spent everything, a severe famine arose in that country, and he began to be in need. 15So he went and hired himself out to one of the citizens of that country, who sent him into his fields to feed pigs. 16And he was longing to be fed with the pods that the pigs ate, and no one gave him anything.

Finally, he comes to his senses and sees the errors of his ways. He had sinned against his Father; i.e. the House of Israel broke covenant with God by breaking His Commandments and were scattered ‘among the gentiles’. Then he “repents”, wanting to come back to the Father ~

Luke 15:17-18 17“But when he came to himself, he said, ‘How many of my father’s hired servants have more than enough bread, but I perish here with hunger! 18I will arise and go to my father, and I will say to him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven and before you.

The Father, in his compassion for his ‘lost’ son who was ‘dead’ in his sins, takes him back in ~

Luke 15:24 For this my son was dead, and is alive again; he was ‘lost’, and is found.’ And they began to celebrate.

To reiterate, Paul distinctly tells us that those ‘among or out of the gentiles’ from Romans 9:24-27 are those to whom Hosea and Isaiah are describing; they are ‘the Lost Sheep of the House of Israel’. I know we haven’t started chapter 11 where the Olive Tree is mentioned but it is critical to understand who Paul is talking to when we do get there in that part of this study.

Paul is telling the exiled 10 tribes (“those among the gentiles” of verse 24) that they can now be gathered back in/grafted back into the Commonwealth of Israel. They can now be reconciled to God.

Amazingly, this was all prophesied by God through Moses almost 3,500 years ago. It was prophesied that they would disobey, be driven out of the land, but then repent and return to the Law of God given through Moses ~

Deuteronomy 30:1-2, 1And when all these things come upon you, the blessing and the curse, which I have set before you, and you call them to mind among all the nations where the LORD your God has driven you, 2and return to the LORD your God, you and your children, and obey his voice in all that I command you today

“Then” God would gather them from among the nations where they were ‘scattered’ ~

Deuteronomy 30:3 then the LORD your God will restore your fortunes and have mercy on you, and he will gather you again from all the peoples where the LORD your God has scattered you.

God then states He will circumcise their hearts (please read ‘Circumcision of the Heart’) causing them to love God with all their heart and obey the Law of God given through Moses ~

Deuteronomy 3:6,8,10 And the LORD your God will circumcise your heart and the heart of your offspring, so that you will love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul, that you may live… 8And you shall again obey the voice of the LORD and keep all his commandments that I command you today10when you obey the voice of the LORD your God, to keep his commandments and his statutes that are written in this Book of the Law, when you turn to the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul.

This prophecy is ‘in progress’ at this writing…

It is critical to notice that when this prophecy takes place (which is NOW), the Commandments of the Creator “that are written in the Book of the Law” will be obeyed! Please, please read ‘Forever Means Forever‘.

Final Thought: If, while reading this blog, you’ve been thinking “how does this apply to me then, I can’t know if I’m from the ‘lost 10 tribes of Israel’?”

In this ‘Grafted In’ study we’ll take an in-depth look at this. But don’t worry, God is pretty smart and He knew that His plan of salvation would work out like it has. In order for all of the ‘Lost Sheep of the House of Israel’ to get the good news, it has to be preached to all the nations, everywhere. Paul’s missionary journeys were just the beginning. ‘All who hunger and thirst for righteousness’ can “choose” to covenant with the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob (Israel) to serve Him; even the stranger. So, “choose this day whom you will serve” ~

Isaiah 14:1 For the LORD will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob.

Isaiah 56:6-86Also the sons of the stranger that join themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every one that keeps the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant;7Even them will I bring to my holy mountain and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called a house of prayer for all people. The Lord GOD which gathers the outcasts of Israel says, Yet will I gather others to him, beside those that are gathered unto him.

Joshua 24:15 choose this day whom you will serve

  • For further study of Paul’s teachings, as well as the original Greek, please see the blog posts at the bottom of this page. Be a Berean, and test Paul’s doctrines to the “Scriptures”. Please ‘share’ this study, and thank you for your time!

Are You Grafted In? Part 3: The Word of ‘Faith’

Romans 11:19 Then you will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.”

As the approach to Paul’s ‘Grafted-in’ discourse in chapter 11 nears, we now have two critical points of the context understood: 

In Part 1, we learned from Paul that the people he was talking to in Rome were the ‘scattered sheep of the House of Israel’. He specifically referred to them as this by stating that the ‘Prophetic Scriptures’ (Hosea and Isaiah) were speaking about them. These Prophecies, which are about the ‘House of Israel’, were being fulfilled at his telling.

Then in Part 2, Paul explained the proper way to follow after the Law of Moses, which he actually called the “Law of Righteousness”, and not ‘bondage’ or ‘legalism’. He explained for us the correct way to pursue the Law, which is ‘from out of faith’.

Part 2 finished with the infamous Romans 10:4 verse, which in the Greek, tells us that the goal of the Law is Christ “into” righteousness for those who are believing. The study entitled ‘Is Christ the End-ing of the Law?’ breaks down this verse word-by-word in the original Greek, so I highly recommend reading it before going further in this study.

Let’s proceed in Romans 10 with understanding that Paul is continuing his discourse from chapter 9. His original letter did not have verse, or chapter breaks; it was free-flowing letter. Another important item to keep in mind is that Paul did not have 2 or 3 different concepts or definitions of what faith/belief was. Can we be honest and admit that whenever Paul mentions “faith” in one verse, and then mentions it again in the next verse or chapter, he’s still talking about the same “faith”.

I know that may seem obvious to you, but I needed to put that out there. So many verses are plucked-out all by themselves and quoted as “proof-texts” without the surrounding verses for context. Inevitably we’re left with half-truths or worse, false doctrines.

Both of the English words ‘belief’ and ‘faith’, that we find numerous times in Paul’s letters, come from the same root word, Strong’s G3982 πείθω/peithó. ‘Belief’ is the verb, Strong’s G4100 πιστεύω/pisteuó, and ‘faith’ is the noun, Strong’s G4102 πίστεως/pisteōs. The noun, pisteōs is defined by Thayer’s Greek Lexicon as: conviction of the truth of anything, belief; springing from faith (and availing) to (arouse) faith (in those who as yet have it not) as it pertains specifically to Romans 9:30 and 10:6.

Romans 9:30-32 30What shall we say, then? That Gentiles who did not pursue righteousness have attained it, that is, a righteousness that is by faith 31but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness. 32Why? Because they did not seek it by faith

Remember, in Part 2 we learned from Paul that the error Israel made was not that they pursued ‘the Law of Righteousness’, but that they did not pursue it ‘from out of faith’ ~

Paul proceeds to explain this; Israel did not seek/pursue the ‘Law of Righteousness’ from faith because”:

  1. they were ignorant of God’s righteousness…
  2. they sought their own righteousness, not God’s…
  3. which they should have ‘submitted’ to…

What does the text say?

Romans 9:31-32 & 10:3 31But Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness, has not attained to the law of righteousness. 32Why? Because they did not seek it by faith… 3For they (Israel) being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God.

The word submitted is Strong’s G5293, hypetagēsan/ὑπετάγησαν in the Greek. Thayer’s Greek Lexicon states this to mean: to obey, subject oneself, specifically with regards to Romans 10:3.

What is the “righteousness of God” that Paul is telling us Israel should have submitted to ‘from out of faith’?

Paul tells us in the very next verse, so let’s read verses 3 & 4 together for context ~

Romans 10:3-4 3For they (Israel) being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God. 4For the goal of the Law is Christ into righteousness for all who are believing.

So… as I mentioned earlier, if you aren’t familiar with that rendition of Romans 10:4, then I strongly suggest you read ‘Is Christ the End-ing of the Law’, which breaks down that verse, word-by-word in the Greek. We have been lied to from mainstream theology with regards to the actual Greek context, grammar and definitions of this verse; whether it has been on purpose or in ignorance, it’s still deception.

Paul is telling those in Rome (and us), that the ‘Law of Righteousness’ that Israel ‘pursued after’, is to be submitted to because the “purpose” of that Law is “Christ into Righteousness” for those who are believing, which they stumbled over.

It wasn’t by accident, that in verse 4 Paul uses the word into, which is Strong’s G1519, eis/εἰς in the Greek. Strong’s Concordance defines this preposition as: to or into (indicating the point reached or entered, of place, time, fig. purpose, result). Thayer’s Greek Lexicon states this word to mean: the end which one has in view, i.e. object, purpose.

Paul says the goal/purpose of the “Law of Righteousness” to lead us into or result in our “Righteousness”. The Messiah, “the-Word-made-flesh” is the epitome of “Righteousness”. Israel that did not ‘attain the Law of Righteousness’ sought their own; Paul is telling us Christ is what we are to “aim” for, He is our “goal”. As he tells us often in his letters, Paul wants us to imitate him as he imitates the Messiah, and John says the same thing ~

1 Corinthians 4:16 I urge you, then, be imitators of me.

1 Corinthians 11:1 Be imitators of me, as I am of Christ.

1 John 2:5-6 By this we may know that we are in him: whoever says he abides in him (Jesus) ought to walk in the same way in which he walked.

1 John 2:29 If you know that he (Jesus) is righteous, you may be sure that everyone who practices righteousness has been born of him.

1 John 3:7 Little children, let no one deceive you. Whoever practices righteousness is righteous, as he (Christ) is righteous.

Now, to understand what Paul says next in verses 5 through 8, let’s read his dialogue in context ~

Romans 9:30 – 10:8 30What shall we say, then? That Gentiles who did not pursue righteousness have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness of faith/pisteōs; 31but Israel, pursuing the law of righteousness has not attained to the law righteousness. 32 Why? Because they did not seek it by faith/pisteōs, but as it were, by the works of the law. For they stumbled at that stumbling stone. 33As it is written, “Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone and rock of offense, And whoever believes/pisteuōn on Him will not be put to shame.” 1 Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel is that they may be saved. 2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge. 3 For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God. 4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to all those believing/pisteuonti. 5 For Moses writes about the righteousness which is of the law, “The man who does those things shall live by them.” 6 But the righteousness of faith/pisteōs speaks in this way, “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’” that is, to bring Christ down from above, 7 or, “‘Who will descend into the abyss?’” that is, to bring Christ up from the dead. 8But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart”, that is the word of faith/pistis that we proclaim.

Paul quotes the Law in verse 5, “for Moses writes about the righteousness of the law”, right after he told us in verse 4 that the result/purpose/goal of the Law is Messiah which leads into righteousness ~

Romans 10:5 For Moses writes (Present Tense) about the righteousness which is of the law, “The man who does those things shall live by them.”

Leviticus 18:5 You shall therefore keep my statutes and my rules; if a person does them, he shall live by them: I am the LORD.

How does Paul know that the Law is ‘righteousness’?

Deuteronomy 6:25 And it shall be our righteousness, if we observe to do all these commandments before the LORD our God, as He has commanded us.

Psalm 119:172 My song sings of Your word, for all of Your commandments are righteousness

Romans 2:13 For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be righteous.

Romans 7:12 So the law is holy, and the commandment is holy and righteous and good.

Then in verses 6-8 we have Paul quoting Moses, again (check your reference bibles). Mainstream theology would have us believe that Paul is just waxing lyrical and preaching a ‘new’ doctrine; he is not! Though he is paraphrasing, Paul is quoting Moses, and equating Jesus with the “Law/Word of God”; well, isn’t Jesus the actual “Word of God” or isn’t He?

‘John’ Chapter 1…

What does the text say?

Romans 10:6-8 6(But/And) the righteousness of faith speaks in this way, “Do not say in your heart, Who will ascend into heaven?’” that is, to bring Christ down from above, 7 or, “‘Who will descend into the abyss?’” that is, to bring Christ up from the dead. 8But what does it say? “The Word is near you, in your mouth and in your heart

Deuteronomy 30:11-14 11“For this commandment that I command you today is not too hard for you, neither is it far off. 12It is not in heaven, that you should say, ‘Who will ascend to heaven for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’ 13Neither is it beyond the sea, that you should say, ‘Who will go over the sea for us and bring it to us, that we may hear it and do it?’ 14But the Word is very near you. It is in your mouth and in your heart, so that you can do it.

You probably notice that I started out verse 6 with (But/And). The reason I did that is because grammatically speaking the “English” word “But” is wrong; we have been taught wrong about what ‘δέ/de’ means.

In English, the word ‘but’ is always adversative; it’s always used to introduce a phrase or clause that opposes, contradicts or contrasts what has already been mentioned. In English, the word ‘and’ is continuative; it’s always used to introduce a phrase or clause that is in

However, in the Greek the word ‘δέ/de’ is the word for both ‘but’ or ‘and’, depending on the context.

We are forced to read ‘but’ in almost every single modern translation, except for ‘Young’s Literal Translation’, because mainstream theology teaches that the Law of Moses is abolished, therefore, Paul must be teaching a new doctrine that contradicts Moses.

If you read the Lexicons and Concordances you will see that the Greek word ‘δέ/de’, Strong’s G1161, is translated as ‘but’ or ‘but rather’ if the preceding sentence is in the negative; verse 5 is not in the negative. The Greek word δέ/de is a conjunction that carries both an adversative and a continuative meaning, depending on the context of the verse.

We now know the context of verse 4 does NOT mean that ‘Christ is the termination of the Law of Righteousness’, but that He is the goal/aim/purpose of the Law which leads into Righteousness. Paul then explains what that ‘context’ looks like in verse 5; a man who does ‘the Law of Righteousness’ shall will live by them”, as per Moses. Therefore, Paul is not making up a new “righteousness” nor a “new faith” in verse 6.

Mainstream theology claims that the ‘righteousness of faith’ in verses 6-8 is completely different and opposite to the ‘righteousness that we are to live by’ in verse 5. The claim is that ‘faith is a ’New Testament Thing’, AND that it only happens in your mind; the writer of ‘Hebrews’ begs to differ…

What does the text say?

Hebrews 11:4-34 4Because of faith Abel offered… 5 Because of faith Enoch pleased God… 7Because of faith Noah constructed an ark… 8Because of faith Abraham obeyed… 11Because of faith Sarah considered Him faithful… 17Because of faith Abraham offered up Isaac… 20Because of faith, Isaac invoked future blessings… 21Because of faith Jacob blessed each of the sons of Joseph… 22Because of faith Joseph made mention… 23Because of faith Moses, when he was born, was hidden… 24Because of faith Moses refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter… 27Because of faith he left Egypt… 28Because of faith he kept the Passover… 29Because of faith the people crossed the Red Sea as on dry land… 30Because of faith the walls of Jericho fell down after they had been encircled for seven days.

Another very important point is the fact that Moses wrote about the ‘righteousness of the law that we are to live by’ in Romans 10:5, as well as, the ‘righteousness of faith’ in verses 6-8; so, I ask you, how can Moses contradict Moses???

The “word of faith” that Paul is “proclaiming” in Romans 10:6, is the exact same “faith” he has been discussing for the past 12 verses.

Do you remember what the Greek word for ‘faith/belief’ is; Pistis

The word of faith/pistis, according to the apostle Paul, is:

  • the word of faith
  • the word of belief
  • the word of trust
  • the word of confidence
  • the word of fidelity
  • the word of faithfulness

This word of faith, belief, trust, confidence, fidelity, faithfulness that Paul is proclaiming in Romans 10:6 is the submission and obedience to God’s Righteousness, from Romans 10:3. This is the Righteousness that is based on ‘faith’, so says Moses, whom the apostle Paul quotes twice to make his point.

In conclusion, when Paul started talking about ‘faith’ it was in chapter 9, verse 30; the Righteousness from out of ‘faith’. He then stated that some in Israel were not pursuing the Law of Righteousness from out of that ‘faith’. He then explains their lack of faith was because they did not submit/obey God’s Righteousness. The apostle Paul then tells us that Christ is the goal/aim of the Law of Righteousness by quoting Moses twice; paralleling Messiah and the Law of Moses. “That” is the “Word of Faith” he is proclaiming…

Final Thought: In the Septuagint, the Greek translation of Old Testament, the word G1402 πίστεως/pisteōs is always translated from either H530 אֱמוּנָה/emunah or

Part 4 coming soon …

  • For further study of Paul’s teachings, as well as the original Greek, please see the blog posts at the bottom of this page. Be a Berean, and test Paul’s doctrines to the “Scriptures”. Please ‘share’ this study, and thank you for your time!
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